CORONA- The Pandemic

    The "positive" side of corona

    The Corona virus has caused a stir in the world, and many changes have taken place here. Work began against the virus on a war footing. New experiments emerged. Leaders have spent trillions of dollars working on the virus. Politicians from poor countries also provided some assistance to the underprivileged.

    Many politicians, scientists and philosophers are mapping out a new world. They say that the world after Corona will be better. They say significant changes will now be seen in the economy, business, international relations, domestic politics, social affairs, public health and human relations.

    It is true that because of Corona, everyone faced extraordinary circumstances because no one knew about this problem. Little did anyone know that it was an epidemic and so deadly that it could lead to deat

    The whole world is aware of the cruelty that the crying virus has inflicted on human beings and is being perpetuated continuously, the same news is heard daily, while a large part of the world's population is trapped in their homes.

    In such a case, if any good news or improvement is indicated, it will be unbelievable. But there are some experts and scientists who are also sharing some good news with their research and exploration, which was impossible a few months ago, but now it seems possible.

    Incidentally, the world's environmentalists and geologists have revealed that the density and pollution in the atmosphere has decreased. The sky is clear, the stars can be counted, the air is refreshing and there is a sense of contentment in the open atmosphere. There is almost no traffic on the roads, no smoke. The empty motorway is clearly visible. There is no thick smoke rising from factory chimneys.

    It is said that due to closure of factories, non-use of natural fuel and disappearance of vehicles from the roads, air pollution has been reduced by 45%. Clean air is being made available due to lack of nitrogen oxides in the atmosphere. Corona's resurrection is in place, but so are environmental changes. There was a slight decrease in heart disease, lung disease and asthma.  

    Everything that has improved in the environment is due to people being locked up in their homes due to the coronavirus. Lockdown jammed life, but the atmosphere improved, which was previously impossible to hope for, but suddenly. It can also be called a warning from nature and fulfillment of the requirements of nature.

    Experts are speculating whethe the steps taken by governments as a result of this dangerous virus, which seems to be improving the environment, when these measures are reversed, the lockdown will end and the world will become polluted?

    Traffic on the roads began to decline, there was a significant reduction in air traffic,there is a little silence all over the world. Geologists say the reduction in traffic and social noise has also reduced the Earth's vibrations.

    Basic environmental indicators indicate that they have decreased or increased. For more than half a century, the world's ecosystem has been deteriorating. The atmosphere became polluted, the air and the sea became polluted, and various viruses began to spread around the world. In the European Union, 350 tons of carbon has been reduced. The atmosphere seems more clear. In USA, there has been a significant reduction in air pollution, as all local and outbound trains are closed. Traffic on roads  has reduced a lot. Emission of Carbon is now 45% in USA,

    It is said that as soon as the lockdown ends, the planet will return to the way it was a few months ago. At the same time, there are fears that the economic crisis will escalate. Lockdown has undoubtedly affected most oil-producing companies. The wheel of the oil industry is jammed. The problem is that the use of oil is high in the world. But thanks to UN and other financial agreements, including environmentalists and environmental organizations, the world is looking for alternative sources of energy instead of natural oil or coal, the most reliable and environmentally friendly solar energy. In addition, more electricity is being generated from water. In such a situation, most of the investors have started to develop cars powered by solar energy. There is a growing trend towards the use of alternative energy.

    However, it is an interesting fact that the reactions of the Corona virus are visible to all, but the work of improving the environment also showed by Corona. Corona locked everyone in their homes only temporarily, but it showed the world a mirror and also taught a lesson.

     Lockdown has benefited, the air is more clear, , the sky is more clear, and reduced the noise pollution. UN environmentalist Inger Anderson says nature's warning to all humans is that if the environment continues to deteriorate and fail to create an eco-friendly environment, then more deadly epidemics than corona could strike humanity. Are It is appropriate that we do not spoil the environment given by nature.

    The coronavirus has caused a stir in the world and has seen many changes. Work began against the virus on a war footing. New experiments emerged. Leaders have spent trillions of dollars working on the virus. Politicians from poor countries also provided some assistance to the underprivileged. ۔ Corona has also played a role in improving the environment and benefiting wildlife, according to a survey report by Earth, a European NGO. It is said that on the highways and roads where hunters used to roam in search of prey, the animals are now breathing a sigh of relief as the highways are empty. Thousands of wild animals, such as rabbits, rabbits, and wolves, were killed on the roads every year.

    Politicians, scientists and philosophers are already mapping out a new world, with the hopeful that the world after Carona will be better, whether we think it is good or bad, but it is certain that the world before it had not faced such a crisis.

    Significant changes will now be seen in the economy, business, international relations, domestic politics, social affairs, public health and human relations. It is true that everyone is facing extraordinary circumstances because of Corona, because no one knew about this problem. Little did anyone know that this epidemic was so deadly that it could lead to death and the patient would recover.

     The world's leading trading investment companies have estimated that the current economic situation is more turbulent. A bearish trend is common in the stock markets. This situation has shocked the world for the first time since World War II. But the company says the market will pick up after Corona. Economic conditions will improve after somtime. However, those who are hoping that after the lockdown will be all right, we hope their hopes will be fulfilled, but on the contrary, those who despair have heaps of arguments.

    Finally, it is believed that the situation will become more clear with the passage of time. We need to continue our best possible struggle to eradicate all the infectious deseases and we should remain optimistic always.







    How to fix the global economy in the modern industrial age? In fact, a large portion of the world's population suffers from double depression. This is because there is no precedent for such a big difference between those who have benefited from the global economy and those who have been left behind. In such a scenario, people's frustration with the global economy is not surprising.

    While many developed economies have benefited immensely from globalization and technological innovation in recent decades, it is also a fact that the middle class has shrunk, with markets concentrated in a few sectors (which means There are fewer employment opportunities and fewer workers (while the link between productivity growth and wages has been eliminated.

    Fortunately, the situation is different in many emerging economies, where people feel better because of digital technology, as it provides an equal field for better access to information, markets, services and employment, allowing them to do business. Newcomers have the opportunity to move on. However, it is not yet clear who will replace the previous model of production-based growth when it fades. Newcomers to the middle class are worried about whether their children's path to success will be open.

    In a society, people's confidence can be judged as to whether their life is improving or worse. In this sense, many economies are growing up thinking that opportunities for the next generation are shrinking rather than increasing.

    The pursuit of a common goal:

     In order for globalization and the Fourth Industrial Revolution to move forward in an orderly manner, in both developed and developing economies, the central priority should be the preparation of a social contract, based on the collective interest and the basic economic security ideology. To restore In other words, how can we ensure that modern technology connects and moves people and economies together instead of creating divisions and unrest?

    In this regard, a new global study titled 'Setting up a New Economy in the Fourth Industrial Revolution' has been published, which focuses on 4 questions to fix the global economy. Do we need to re-examine what economic value is and what practical resources are available?

    The digital economy has introduced a number of approaches to increasing productivity that have not been fully incorporated into traditional concepts and measurement standards. In particular, new types of assets and economic activity have not been well understood and new sources of consumer well-being (and loss) have not been adequately measured. For example, what is the value of providing information on Wikipedia? Or what are the implications of digital technology entering our personal lives? Furthermore, the way in which benefits are being distributed paints an incomplete picture, and the question remains as to who is actually creating 'value' in the economy.


    In this regard, five strategies have been proposed to reconsider the economic benefits.

    1) Identifying and calculating new intangible assets,

    2) Adopting digital 'value' and making it part of global GDP,

    3) Consumer welfare, improvement and social value Take steps,

    4) focus on new standards of distribution measurement and segregation of data, and

    5) reconsider the basic definition of 'value', increase the value of goods and services and increase profits only. Differentiate between the search for and review the markets created by the public and private sector.

    Should we reconsider a place-centered market as a result of online platforms? How can it be balanced to reap the benefits?

    Beneficial digital platforms such as new services, better choices, faster search for what you like and lower costs are becoming the top choice of consumers. It provides better opportunities for new businesses to access marketing tools, loans, transportation and other basic services.

    Do we need to consider taking proactive steps to create jobs and what does that mean in today's economy?

    Advances in technology are changing the distribution of labor between humans and machines, while global labor markets are undergoing major changes. If this process of change is carried out intelligently, it is possible to achieve the goals of a good job, a good job and a better life, otherwise the risks of greater inequality and unilateralism will increase.

    Do we need to redefine social safety nets and what are the options for doing so?

    In developed economies, the benefits of social insurance policies linked to formal employment and stable employment contracts are dwindling. This is because more people are becoming homeless or working in insecure environments, are being paid less and are not being given equal access to good jobs. In developing economies, where work is more diverse and informal, the trend of providing people with additional job opportunities through modern technology will continue, leading to the question of the future 'social protection' in these economies What will the model look like?

    It is true that workers will need support to enter the new world of employment, but it is still debated how wide the scope of this support should be and who will be responsible for service delivery.



    Can E-Waste be Eradicated from the World?

    The rapid innovation and upgrading that is taking place in the world of technology today has never been seen before. If we talk about other gadgets and devices including electronic appliances, computers, laptops and mobile phones, then every day old models are becoming ineffective or useless due to innovation. We don't know what to do with an old mobile phone or charger lying in a drawer. What to do with an old laptop, monitor or printer that is rotting in the store or basement?

    When we abandon these devices and adopt the latest versions or models of them, it gives rise to electronic waste or e-waste. Modern devices such as smartphones, even simple alarm clocks contain harmful chemicals such as lead, cadmium and mercury. When they are used and thrown away, their toxic substances enter the environment. According to experts, e-waste accounts for only 2% by volume of disposable waste, but e-waste accounts for an alarming 70% of waste that is harmful to the environment and human health.

    Economical Development

    The speed with which the economies of the modern world are developing and the very things on which they are growing are themselves causing great problems for the world. Electronic Waste or E-Waste is one of them. Most people know about e-waste because we often think of devices and devices that are no longer in use, but we do not plan or intend to dispose of them responsibly.

    What do the statistics say ?

    In 2016, in the United States alone, everyone threw an average of 44 pounds of e-waste. According to a recent United Nations report, the United States generates 6.3 million tons of e-waste annually, accounting for 14% of the world's e-waste. During 2016, 45 million tons (45 million tons) of e-waste was generated worldwide. It is also growing at an annual rate of 4%. Only 20% of such a large volume of e-waste is recycled in one form or another. The remaining 80% is part of open waste, which is more harmful to the environment.


    E-waste is recycled in the United States and other developed countries to minimize its impact on the environment. However, recycling in the United States does not exceed 25% of total e-waste, and it is rarely said that a large portion of this 25% is actually shipped abroad. Some of this e-waste sent to developing and poor countries is made reusable, as there is a huge market for used computers, laptops, mobile phones and other gadgets. 

    Not only this, with the help of e-waste which is not reusable, minerals are extracted from it. For example, gold particles in circuit boards are washed with nitric and hydrochloric acids to separate them. This water goes into streams and oceans and makes it toxic. After going through all these stages, the e-waste, which is completely garbage, is thrown in the open fields. Currently, e-waste's responsible recycling rate worldwide is only 15.5%

    Future strategy

    Of course, the solution to this problem lies not in doubling recycling efforts, but also in taking further steps. A United Nations report has expressed concern that although more attention is being paid to e-waste recycling today than in the past, the faster new devices are being purchased and used, It is not possible to quickly recycle old used equipment.

    The problem with e-waste becomes even more complex when it comes to the short 'life cycle' of new devices. Today, companies are rapidly launching new models of their products, which consumers are eager to buy. A United Nations report shows that today a new mobile phone is used for an average of 2 years on average, after which it is replaced.


     Experts say that the devastating effects of e-waste on the environment can be reduced by increasing the maintenance, refurbishment and use of electronic devices in one form or another.

    At the same time, companies should build devices with longer life cycles to significantly increase their average usage time and reduce e-waste. This is a practical and lasting way to protect the world from the harms of e-waste.





    The growing role of robots in the supply chain

    Robots are capable of carrying up to 600 kilograms on the warehouse floor. They are equipped with special sensors that never collide with each other, while orders are given through the Wi-Fi network. When their battery runs out, they automatically turn on the charging room. Five minutes of charging is enough to keep them active for 4 to 5 hours.

    These are just some of the goal setting shareware that you can use to create robots for e-commerce giant Alibaba. About 70% of the work in this warehouse is done by robots themselves, which means that Ali Baba used to do all the work in this smart warehouse before, now 70% of the work is done by robots and only 30% is left for humans to do. Is.

    Alibaba's logistics company is called Xinjiang. Xinjiang's Smart Warehouse is located in Huiyang, Guangdong Province. In fact, it is the largest smart warehouse in China. According to Alibaba, it is the largest mobile robot company in China. One hundred AGVs (Automated Guided Vehicles) are working in this smart house of Alibaba, which takes up about 3,000 square meters.

    These robots are equipped with Wi-Fi and automatic charging systems, which are responsible for moving items stored in the warehouse on the floor. Robots of this design already exist in the form of Roomba robot vacuum cleaners, however these 'AGV' robots are unique and different in that they are very small in size. These robots travel one and a half meters (ie 5 feet) per second and lift up to 600 kilograms at a time.

    Xinjiang currently provides 'Same Day' and 'Next Day' delivery services in over 1,000 regions of China. When a buyer places an order on Alibaba's Tmall shopping site, the robot in Huang's smart warehouse moves along with the order to fulfill the order. The robot, based on its artificial intelligence, searches for the desired item or items in the warehouse and delivers it to the warehouse clerk (who is a human). The warehouse clerk collects the goods and sends the shipment to the concerned customer.

    Increase in efficiency

    Alibaba claims that since the work began on the warehouse, the efficiency of the human workers working there has increased threefold. Alibaba says that in a traditional warehouse, a worker is expected to work on 1,500 items in a seven-and-a-half-hour shift, for which he has to walk 27,924 steps. Now, thanks to mobile robots, a worker (human) works on 3,000 items at the same time and has to walk only 2,563 steps. These figures are certainly astonishing.

    Now there is a fear that when a thousand robots are working on one floor, they may collide while coming and going and passing each other, however, to solve this problem, sensors have been installed in these robots. Sensors provide these robots with timely information about upcoming events and they change course. However, working with 1,000 AGV robots of this size on one floor is no less of a challenge

    Huaweiwan, who works as a senior algorithm specialist in Xinjiang, says, "Commanding one hundred warehouse robots has far more computational complexity than commanding ten robots." Not only do we have to make sure that these robots don't collide, but we also have to make sure that the robots are not crowded in one place, as this increases the risk of performance impact.

    With a fully charged battery, an AGV robot can work for eight hours straight, when its battery starts to run low, it finds itself in the charging room, finds a socket, and recharges itself. Not only Ali Babahi but also the American giant Amazon is one of the leading e-commerce companies using robotic artificial intelligence in the warehouse. Amazon's Kiva robots are also at the forefront of artificial intelligence.


    The growing use of robots and artificial intelligence for warehouse and supply chain management in Ali Baba and Amazon suggests that the day is not far when these companies' supply chain management systems will be fully autonomous and automated. 



    Improving the environment is everyone's responsibility

    Global climate change has risen alarmingly due to the deterioration of the Earth's natural environment, due to which, heavy rains, floods, storms, hurricanes, extreme hot weather and blizzards have caused great damage to all kinds of life. In addition, billions of dollars in losses have been incurred and still continues.

    Major Causes Of Climate Change:

    This is due to the increase in greenhouse gases, deforestation, increased use of coal and oil and increasing population pressure on cities. In addition, multinational corporations, industrial plants and corporations have neglected basic human and moral values ​​in their pursuit of competition and higher profits. This chaos has made the earth's environment more chaotic. We never tire of saying that it is all from nature, but we ignore the fact that we are equally complicit in this deterioration and increase in pollution.

    The background to this is that the first industrial revolution took place in Britain in 1860 and the wheel of industrial development began to turn. At the time, the effects on the natural environment were not great. However, after the Second Industrial Revolution, which took place in the United States in 1920, climate change was somewhat felt and global temperatures rose by 0.05 degrees.

    In the second industrial revolution of the United States in 1950, when factories were set up to manufacture automobiles, electrical appliances, heavy machinery and miscellaneous household items, European countries also began to set up similar factories.

    As coal and oil consumption increased, land, sea and air pollution gradually increased in the 1960s and 1970s. Environmental degradation and increased pollution have led to new epidemics. Most of the epidemics that have plagued the country for the past three or four decades have yet to be cured.Corona virus is currently at the top of the list. More than 45 million people have been infected with the virus so far and more than 1.2 million of them have died due to this virus. Experts around the world have been working hard to develop a vaccine against the disease and fortunately have succeeded reportedly.

    The virus not only claimed human lives but also cost the world billions of dollars. The world economy, industry and trade were severely affected. Lifestyles and routines of life were shattered.

    All agree that global warming, climate change and increasing pollution is an open fact that cannot be denied. Human action has a big hand in this deterioration and we cannot be absolved of our responsibilities.

    Research conducted in the twenty years of the 21st century and international conferences in this regard have proved that increasing use of coal and oil, high emissions of harmful gases, fumes and pollution are severely affecting the atmosphere.

    Negative Effects :

    Experts have repeatedly warned the world about global warming and climate change. Experts say contaminated water, vegetables, fruits and foodstuffs are also spreading various diseases from whch children and the elderly are most affected. Experts claim that if environmental degradation is the result of a natural process, then it must be prevented naturally, but the degradation of the natural environment on Earth and the problems it faces are the result of human action and unnatural factors, due to which toxic and chemical substances are being added to the air, water and soil. In such a situation, the negative burden on the natural environment of the earth is increasing.

    Experts say there is a risk of nuclear radiation emission from nuclear power plants and other nuclear facilities, which requires more serious action. Scientists are also concerned that new units are being set up in most countries due to increased demand of industrial, electricity and consumer goods.

    On the other hand, pollution is also on the rise due to increasing population pressure on cities. Poverty has led to a rise in food shortages, deviations from hygiene practices, and a lack of hygiene. Marine life is being severely affected by industrial waste in the oceans.

    Scientists said in their research paper that countries are developing and testing nuclear technologies which are spreading harmful effects in the air and people living in local populations are suffering from sore throats, respiratory diseases and asthma. Earth's temperature is rising and global warming is a major problem that cannot be denied. Scientists claim that data from the last 100 years show that most of July was warmer. And the fact that the Earth's temperature has risen by 1.5 degrees in the last thirty to forty years has also become clear.

    Experts are concerned that over the past 40 years, major conferences have been held with the participation of world leaders, dignitaries, scientists, ecologists and geologists from around the world,research papers have been presented, but the problem remains, as the world's use of coal and oil continues to grow. Big companies and corporations focuss more on their business than the issue of pollution. 

    Data from space meteorological satellites also show that global warming is an open reality due to the rapid change in the Earth's climate.  Avalanches are affecting more than expected, causing large avalanches to melt into the oceans. Due to this process, the sea level is gradually rising. 

    Remedial Measures for Improvement:

    Today, most developed countries are experimenting with alternative fuels. For example, solar-powered automobile factories are producing small cars in Germany, France, Sweden and Japan, but so far the importance of oil has not diminished. There is no denying from the fact that the importance and need for oil cannot be underestimated despite trying alternative energy sources.

    At the recent United Nations Conference on Environmental Protection and Pollution Reduction, it was emphasized that the use of synthetic fertilizers to increase agricultural production is increasing, which is reducing the productivity of the land. On the one hand, drought is increasing the barrenness of agricultural land and on the other hand, artificial fertilizer is affecting agricultural land.

    Experts are concerned that despite all the research and guidance, no serious efforts are being made to protect the environment. Today's generation must think for the security of the planet and for a better future generations, and we must take steps to improve the Earth's environment.